Thursday, October 18, 2012



常不軽菩薩は法華経常不軽品に登場する菩薩の名前。一切衆生は皆やがて成仏するであろうことを尊び、軽蔑や迫害にもめげずに「我、あえて汝等を軽しめず、汝らは皆まさに仏となるべきが故に」と言って「四衆」(僧俗男女)を礼拝しました。彼は釈尊の「過去世」(前世)の姿であると言われる。「常不軽」のサンスクリット原語 Sadaparibhuta は、竺法護訳『正法華経』では「常被軽慢」となっていて「常に軽んぜられた」という意味である。(岩波 仏教辞典)


Sadāparibhūta Bodhisattva, Never Disparaging Bodhisattva, Sanskrit word sadā: always; aparibhūta: not scornful, (Ch: 常不輕菩薩 cháng bù qīng púsà; Jp: Jofukyo Bosatsu) appeared in Lotus Sutra Chapter 20 "Never Disparaging" which describes the practices of Bodhisattva Never Disparaging, who lived in the Middle Period of the Law (Ch: 像法 xiàng fă) of the Buddha Awesome Sound King (Ch: 威音王如來 Wēi yīn wáng rúlái), persevered in the face of persecution for the sake of the correct teaching, and finally attained Buddhahood. Bodhisattva Never Disparaging was Shakyamuni Buddha in one of his past lifetimes.
Sadāparibhūta Bodhisattva (Never Disparaging Bodhisattva) was for many years cursed and humiliated, beaten with sticks and staves, and pelted with tiles and stones by countless monks, nuns, laymen, and laywomen because he venerated them by uttering the twenty-four characters that read: "I have profound reverence for you, I would never dare treat you with disparagement or arrogance. Why? Because you are all practicing the bodhisattva way and are certain to attain Buddhahood."

No comments: